Monday, May 16, 2016

California Institute of Technology


The California Institute of Technology (or Caltech ) is really a private research university located in Pasadena, California, United States. Caltech has six academic divisions with strong emphasis on science and engineering. Its 124-acre (50 ha ) primary campus is located approximately 11 mi (18 km ) northeast of downtown Los Angeles. 

Although founded like a preparatory and vocational school by Amos G. Throop in 1891, the school attracted influential scientists for example George Ellery Hale, Arthur Amos Noyes, and Robert Andrews Millikan inside the early 20th century. The vocational and preparatory schools were disbanded and spun off in 1910, and the school assumed its present name in 1921. In 1934, Caltech was elected towards the Association of American Universities, and also the antecedents of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which Caltech continues to manage and operate, were established between 1936 and 1943 under Theodore von Kármán. The university is definitely among a little number of Institutes of Technology inside the United States which tends to become primarily devoted towards the instruction of technical arts and applied sciences. 

Despite its small size, 33 Caltech alumni and faculty have won a total of 34 Nobel Prizes (Linus Pauling being the only real individual in history to succeed two unshared prizes ) and 71 have won the United States National Medal of Science or Technology. There will be 112 faculty members who happen to be elected towards the National Academies. Additionally, numerous faculty members are related to theHoward Hughes Medical Institute along with NASA. Caltech managed $332 million in 2011 in sponsored research and $1. 85 billion to its endowment in 2013. Additionally has an extended standing rivalry using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT ). 

First year students have to survive campus, and 95% of undergraduates remain inside the on-campus house system. Although Caltech has a robust tradition of practical jokes and pranks, student every daythe world is governed by an honor code which enables faculty to assign take-home examinations. The Caltech Beavers compete in 13 intercollegiate sports inside the NCAA Division III's Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.

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